Aptitude–Treatment interaction effects in psychooncological interventions

Stulz, Niklaus; Künzler, Alfred; Barth, Jürgen; Hepp, Urs (2014). Aptitude–Treatment interaction effects in psychooncological interventions. General hospital psychiatry, 36(1), pp. 68-73. Elsevier 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2013.08.008

[img] Text
Stulz et al.-veröffentlichte Version.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (344kB) | Request a copy

Objective: To examine aptitude–treatment interaction (ATI) effects in cancer patients receiving psychoonco- logical interventions (POIs). Method: N=36 cancer patients were treated with POI. Hierarchical linear regression was used to test two interaction effects between patient baseline characteristics (aptitudes) and process analyses of therapy sessions (treatment) on change in mental health during POI. Results: Patients with high emotional distress did best when their therapy reduced arousal, and patients with lower emotional distress benefited most if therapists emphasized arousal induction. The interaction between the coping style of the patient (internalizing vs. externalizing) and the focus of the treatment (emotion vs. behavior) did not predict POI outcomes. Conclusions: The ATI effect of patient's distress and therapist's arousal induction/reduction may help therapists to make differential treatment decisions in POI. Tailoring treatments to cancer patients based on their personal characteristics may enhance the effectiveness of POI.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Stulz, Niklaus and Barth, Jürgen

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0163-8343

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Adriana Biaggi

Date Deposited:

19 May 2014 17:37

Last Modified:

20 Oct 2015 09:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2013.08.008

PubMed ID:

24113025

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Aptitude–treatment interaction, Cancer, Outcome, Psychooncology, Psychotherapy

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.48043

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/48043

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback