Naive B-cell trafficking is shaped by local chemokine availability and LFA-1-independent stromal interactions.

Matos Coelho, Fernanda; Natale, Daniela; Soriano, Silvia F.; Hons, Miroslav; Swoger, Jim; Mayer, Jürgen; Danuser, Renzo; Scandella, Elke; Pieczyk, Markus; Zerwes, Hans-Günter; Junt, Tobias; Sailer, Andreas W.; Ludewig, Burkhard; Sharpe, James; Figge, Marc Thilo; Stein, Jens Volker (2013). Naive B-cell trafficking is shaped by local chemokine availability and LFA-1-independent stromal interactions. Blood, 121(20), pp. 4101-4109. American Society of Hematology 10.1182/blood-2012-10-465336

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It is not known how naive B cells compute divergent chemoattractant signals of the T-cell area and B-cell follicles during in vivo migration. Here, we used two-photon microscopy of peripheral lymph nodes (PLNs) to analyze the prototype G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) CXCR4, CXCR5, and CCR7 during B-cell migration, as well as the integrin LFA-1 for stromal guidance. CXCR4 and CCR7 did not influence parenchymal B-cell motility and distribution, despite their role during B-cell arrest in venules. In contrast, CXCR5 played a nonredundant role in B-cell motility in follicles and in the T-cell area. B-cell migration in the T-cell area followed a random guided walk model, arguing against directed migration in vivo. LFA-1, but not α4 integrins, contributed to B-cell motility in PLNs. However, stromal network guidance was LFA-1 independent, uncoupling integrin-dependent migration from stromal attachment. Finally, we observed that despite a 20-fold reduction of chemokine expression in virus-challenged PLNs, CXCR5 remained essential for B-cell screening of antigen-presenting cells. Our data provide an overview of the contribution of prototype GPCRs and integrins during naive B-cell migration and shed light on the local chemokine availability that these cells compute.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Matos Coelho, Fernanda; Hons, Miroslav; Danuser, Renzo; Pieczyk, Markus and Stein, Jens Volker

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0006-4971

Publisher:

American Society of Hematology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ursula Zingg-Zünd

Date Deposited:

13 Jun 2014 16:53

Last Modified:

07 Dec 2015 08:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1182/blood-2012-10-465336

PubMed ID:

23558016

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.48613

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/48613

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