Association of alcohol craving and proximal outcomes of a residential treatment program for patients with alcohol use disorders

Wapp, Manuela; Burren, Yuliya; Znoj, Hansjörg; Moggi, Franz (2015). Association of alcohol craving and proximal outcomes of a residential treatment program for patients with alcohol use disorders. Journal of Substance Use, 20(1), pp. 11-15. Informa Healthcare 10.3109/14659891.2013.858782

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Background: Alcohol craving is an essential construct in research and treatment of alcohol use disorders (AUD). Craving is mostly investigated in association with concurrent variables or distal treatment outcomes at follow-up. Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine craving at admission and its relevance for essential proximal outcomes at discharge from AUD treatment such as positive alcohol expectancy, abstinent-related self-efficacy, and substance-related coping, as well as patients’ demographic and AUD characteristics. Methods: In total, 36 patients were recruited within an inpatient treatment AUD program. Results: An association between craving and positive alcohol expectancies at discharge was found in the regression model even when the respective expectancies, age, gender, and severity of alcohol dependence at admission were controlled for (F(2,29)1⁄432.71, p50.001). Craving explained 2.3% of the variance of change in positive alcohol expectancy. Conclusion: The results suggest a low predictive value of craving for positive alcohol expectancy. In addition, we found significant associations between the craving and the severity of AUD and alcohol consumption before admission. Future studies should include proximal outcomes related to treatment efficacy as well as distal outcomes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Management
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > UPD Murtenstrasse

UniBE Contributor:

Wapp, Manuela; Burren, Yuliya; Znoj, Hansjörg and Moggi, Franz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1465-9891

Publisher:

Informa Healthcare

Language:

English

Submitter:

Adriana Biaggi

Date Deposited:

13 May 2014 10:07

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2016 08:21

Publisher DOI:

10.3109/14659891.2013.858782

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.48728

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/48728

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