Adult parent-child relationships: Relationship quality, support, and reciprocity

Schwarz, Beate; Trommsdorff, Gisela; Albert, Isabelle; Mayer, Boris (2005). Adult parent-child relationships: Relationship quality, support, and reciprocity. Applied psychology - an international review / Psychologie appliquée - revue internationale, 54(3), pp. 396-417. Blackwell Publishing 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2005.00217.x

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In accordance with Bengtson's model of intergenerational solidarity (e.g. Bengtson & Roberts, 1991), the interrelations between adult daughters' family values, their perception of the relationship quality with their parents, the support they reported to give to and to receive from their parents, and their perception of reciprocity in intergenerational support exchange were investigated for N = 265 middle-aged women in Germany. It was also asked whether the support given to parents and perceived reciprocity are related to daughters' felt burden as a result of their support. Cross-sectional, self-report data were examined with multiple and multinomial logistic regression analyses. The analyses revealed positive relations between family values, relationship quality, and support to parents. Perceived reciprocity was associated with the exchange of intergenerational support and imbalance in support had negative effects on the relationship quality. Felt burden was predicted by the extent of support and the perceived reciprocity. However, specific correlational patterns depending on the kind of support as well as differences in the importance of mother and father occurred. The findings are discussed against the background of the meaning of family obligations and reciprocity in a Western culture.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology

UniBE Contributor:

Mayer, Boris


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology




Blackwell Publishing




Boris Mayer

Date Deposited:

06 Oct 2014 11:58

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:32

Publisher DOI:


Additional Information:

Notes: 949KF
Times Cited:16
Cited References Count:50

Uncontrolled Keywords:

intergenerational solidarity, social support, older parents, life-course, perspective, generations, families




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