White matter in aphasia: a historical review of the Dejerines' studies

Krestel, Heinz Eric; Annoni, Jean-Marie; Jagella, Caroline (2013). White matter in aphasia: a historical review of the Dejerines' studies. Brain and language, 127(3), pp. 526-532. Elsevier 10.1016/j.bandl.2013.05.019

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The Objective was to describe the contributions of Joseph Jules Dejerine and his wife Augusta Dejerine-Klumpke to our understanding of cerebral association fiber tracts and language processing. The Dejerines (and not Constantin von Monakow) were the first to describe the superior longitudinal fasciculus/arcuate fasciculus (SLF/AF) as an association fiber tract uniting Broca's area, Wernicke's area, and a visual image center in the angular gyrus of a left hemispheric language zone. They were also the first to attribute language-related functions to the fasciculi occipito-frontalis (FOF) and the inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF) after describing aphasia patients with degeneration of the SLF/AF, ILF, uncinate fasciculus (UF), and FOF. These fasciculi belong to a functional network known as the Dejerines' language zone, which exceeds the borders of the classically defined cortical language centers. The Dejerines provided the first descriptions of the anatomical pillars of present-day language models (such as the SLF/AF). Their anatomical descriptions of fasciculi in aphasia patients provided a foundation for our modern concept of the dorsal and ventral streams in language processing.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Krestel, Heinz Eric

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0093-934X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Schaller

Date Deposited:

10 Apr 2014 11:59

Last Modified:

02 Jul 2014 16:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.bandl.2013.05.019

PubMed ID:

23895939

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Language, Stroke, White matter disease, 19th Cent history of medicine, Dorsal stream, Ventral stream, Superior longitudinal fasciculus/arcuate fasciculus

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/48817

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