The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets

Bonfils, X.; Lo Curto, G.; Correia, A. C. M.; Laskar, J.; Udry, S.; Delfosse, X.; Forveille, T.; Astudillo-Defru, N.; Benz, Willy; Bouchy, F.; Gillon, M.; Hébrard, G.; Lovis, C.; Mayor, M.; Moutou, C.; Naef, D.; Neves, V.; Pepe, F.; Perrier, C.; Queloz, D.; ... (2013). The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets. Astronomy and astrophysics, 556(A110), A110. EDP Sciences 10.1051/0004-6361/201220237

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The meter-per-second precision achieved by today’s velocimeters enables us to search for 1−10 M⊕ planets in the habitable zone of cool stars. This paper reports on the detection of three planets orbiting GJ 163 (HIP 19394), a M3 dwarf monitored by our ESO/HARPS search for planets. We made use of the HARPS spectrograph to collect 150 radial velocities of GJ 163 over a period of eight years. We searched the radial-velocity time series for coherent signals and found five distinct periodic variabilities. We investigated the stellar activity and called into question the planetary interpretation for two signals. Before more data can be acquired we concluded that at least three planets are orbiting GJ 163. They have orbital periods of Pb = 8.632 ± 0.002, Pc = 25.63 ± 0.03, and Pd = 604 ± 8 days and minimum masses msini = 10.6 ± 0.6, 6.8 ± 0.9, and 29 ± 3 M⊕, respectively. We hold our interpretations for the two additional signals with periods P(e) = 19.4 and P(f) = 108 days. The inner pair presents an orbital period ratio of 2.97, but a dynamical analysis of the system shows that it lays outside the 3:1 mean motion resonance. The planet GJ 163c, in particular, is a super-Earth with an equilibrium temperature of Teq = (302 ± 10)(1 − A)1/4 K and may lie in the so-called habitable zone for albedo values (A = 0.34 − 0.89) moderately higher than that of Earth (A⊕ = 0.2−0.3).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences > Theoretical Astrophysics and Planetary Science (TAPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Benz, Willy

Subjects:

500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering
500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0004-6361

Publisher:

EDP Sciences

Language:

English

Submitter:

Cléa Serpollier

Date Deposited:

26 Sep 2014 14:37

Last Modified:

25 Aug 2016 14:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1051/0004-6361/201220237

Web of Science ID:

000323893500110

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.49177

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/49177

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