Gadoxetate uptake as a possible marker of hepatocyte damage after liver resection-preliminary data

Bickelhaupt, S.; Studer, Peter; Kim-Fuchs, Corina; Candinas, Daniel; Froehlich, J. M.; Patak, Michael A. (2013). Gadoxetate uptake as a possible marker of hepatocyte damage after liver resection-preliminary data. Clinical radiology, 68(11), pp. 1121-1127. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.crad.2013.06.007

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To determine the feasibility of evaluating surgically induced hepatocyte damage using gadoxetate disodium (Gd-EOB-DTPA) as a marker for viable hepatocytes at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after liver resection.


Fifteen patients were prospectively enrolled in this institutional review board-approved study prior to elective liver resection after informed consent. Three Tesla MRI was performed 3-7 days after surgery. Three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted (W) volumetric interpolated breath-hold gradient echo (VIBE) sequences covering the liver were acquired before and 20 min after Gd-EOB-DTPA administration. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was used to compare the uptake of Gd-EOB-DTPA in healthy liver tissue and in liver tissue adjacent to the resection border applying paired Student's t-test. Correlations with potential influencing factors (blood loss, duration of intervention, age, pre-existing liver diseases, postoperative change of resection surface) were calculated using Pearson's correlation coefficient.


Before Gd-EOB-DTPA administration the SNR did not differ significantly (p = 0.052) between healthy liver tissue adjacent to untouched liver borders [59.55 ± 25.46 (SD)] and the liver tissue compartment close to the resection surface (63.31 ± 27.24). During the hepatocyte-specific phase, the surgical site showed a significantly (p = 0.04) lower SNR (69.44 ± 24.23) compared to the healthy site (78.45 ± 27.71). Dynamic analyses revealed a significantly lower increase (p = 0.008) in signal intensity in the healthy tissue compared to the resection border compartment.


EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI may have the potential to be an effective non-invasive tool for detecting hepatocyte damage after liver resection.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Studer, Peter, Kim-Fuchs, Corina, Candinas, Daniel, Patak, Michael Andreas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Elsevier Science




Lilian Karin Smith-Wirth

Date Deposited:

16 Jun 2014 11:20

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:32

Publisher DOI:





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