What are predictors for patients' quality of life after pelvic ring fractures?

Holstein, Joerg H.; Pizanis, Antonius; Köhler, Daniel; Pohlemann, Tim; Aghayev, Emin; Quality of Life After Pelvic Fractures, Working Group (2013). What are predictors for patients' quality of life after pelvic ring fractures? Clinical orthopaedics and related research, 471(9), pp. 2841-2845. Springer 10.1007/s11999-013-2840-y

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Background Our knowledge of factors influencing mortality of patients with pelvic ring injuries and the impact of associated injuries is currently based on limited information. Questions/purposes Weidentified the (1) causes and time of death, (2) demography, and (3) pattern and severity of injuries in patients with pelvic ring fractures who did not survive. Methods We prospectively collected data on 5340 patients listed in the German Pelvic Trauma Registry between April 30, 2004 and July 29, 2011; 3034 of 5340 (57%) patientswere female. Demographic data and parameters indicating the type and severity of injury were recorded for patients who died in hospital (nonsurvivors) and compared with data of patients who survived (survivors). The median followup was 13 days (range, 0–1117 days). Results A total of 238 (4%) patients died a median of 2 days after trauma. The main cause of death was massive bleeding (34%), predominantly from the pelvic region (62% of all patients who died because of massive bleeding). Fifty six percent of nonsurvivors and 43% of survivors were male. Nonsurvivors were characterized by a higher incidence of complex pelvic injuries (32% versus 8%), less isolated pelvic ring fractures (13% versus 49%), lower initial blood hemoglobin concentration (6.7 ± 2.9 versus 9.8 ± 3.0 g/dL) and systolic arterial blood pressure (77 ± 27 versus 106 ± 24 mmHg), and higher injury severity score (ISS) (35 ± 16 versus 15 ± 12). Conclusion Patients with pelvic fractures who did not survive were characterized by male gender, severe multiple trauma, and major hemorrhage.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Evaluative Research into Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Aghayev, Emin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0009-921X

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ives Gerber

Date Deposited:

17 Jun 2014 10:49

Last Modified:

09 Nov 2015 10:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s11999-013-2840-y

PubMed ID:

23408176

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.49373

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/49373

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