Short-term Functional and Patient Outcome of the Bi-cruciate Stabilized Total Knee Replacement: Prospective Consecutive Case-series

Christen, Matthias (2013). Short-term Functional and Patient Outcome of the Bi-cruciate Stabilized Total Knee Replacement: Prospective Consecutive Case-series. (Dissertation, Institute for Evaluative Research in Orthopedic Surgery)

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Background: Total knee replacement is the gold standard treatment for patients suffering from advanced symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. The main goals of knee prosthetics are pain reduction and restoration of knee motion. The new prostheses on the market such as the bi-cruciate stabilized Journey knee implant, promise a reconstruction of total physiological function of the knee with physiological range of motion and therefore high patient satisfaction. Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the patient-based Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) outcome after total knee replacement with new physiological bi-cruciate stabilized Journey knee prosthesis. Study Design: Prospective, consecutive case-series. Patients: Ninety nine patients, who received bi-cruciate stabilized Journey total knee prosthesis between January 1st 2006 and May 31st 2012, were included in the study. A single surgeon operated all patients. There were 61.1% females and the overall average age was 68 years (range 41-83 years). Left knee was replaced in 55.6%. Methods: The patients filled in KOO’s questionnaire pre- and 1 year postoperative. Range of motion (ROM) was studied preoperatively and at 1-year follow-ups. The pre- and postoperative KOOS subscores and ROM were compared using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: There are significant improvements of all KOOS subscores. Ninety percent of patients have reached the minimum clinically relevant 10 points in symptoms, 94.5% in pain, 94.5% in activities of daily living, 84.9% in sport and recreation, and 90% in knee related quality of life. Postoperative, the average passive ROM was 131° (range 110-145°) and the average active ROM 122° (range 105-135°). The highest correlation coefficients ROM and the KOOS were observed for the activity and pain subscores. Very low or no correlation was seen for the sport subscore. Conclusions: Bi-cruciate stabilized knee prosthetic offers a solid outcome 1 year postoperative based on the results measured with the KOOS evaluation questionnaire. The Patients showed a generalized improvement in all domains measured in the KOOS of minimally 35, and up to over 52 points, what can be described as statistically significant. Patients described the level of functionality close to double compared to the preoperative status.

Item Type:

Thesis (Dissertation)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Evaluative Research into Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Christen, Matthias

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ives Gerber

Date Deposited:

11 Apr 2014 10:41

Last Modified:

02 Apr 2015 14:55

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/49403

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