Spontaneous peristaltic airway contractions propel lung liquid through the bronchial tree of intact and fetal lung explants

Schittny, Johannes C.; Miserocchi, Giuseppe; Sparrow, Malcolm P. (2000). Spontaneous peristaltic airway contractions propel lung liquid through the bronchial tree of intact and fetal lung explants. American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 23(1), pp. 11-18. American Lung Association 10.1165/ajrcmb.23.1.3926

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Spontaneous contractions of the fetal airways are a well recognized but poorly characterized phenomenon. In the present study spontaneous narrowing of the airways was analyzed in freshly isolated lungs from early to late gestation in fetal pigs and rabbits and in cultured fetal mouse lungs. Propagating waves of contraction traveling proximal to distal were observed in fresh lungs throughout gestation which displaced the lung liquid along the lumen. In the pseudoglandular and canalicular stages (fetal pigs) the frequency ranged from 2.3 to 3.3 contractions/min with a 39 to 46% maximum reduction of lumen diameter. In the saccular stage (rabbit) the frequency was 10 to 12/min with a narrowing of approximately 30%. In the organ cultures the waves of narrowing started at the trachea in whole lungs, or at the main bronchus in lobes (5.2 +/- 1.5 contractions/min, 22 +/- 8% reduction of lumen diameter), and as they proceeded distally along the epithelial tubes the luminal liquid was shifted toward the terminal tubules, which expanded the endbuds. As the tubules relaxed the flow of liquid was reversed. Thus the behavior of airway smooth muscle in the fetal lung is phasic in type (like gastrointestinal muscle) in contrast to that in postnatal lung, where it is tonic. An intraluminal positive pressure of 2.33 +/- 0.77 cm H(2)O was recorded in rabbit fetal trachea. It is proposed that the active tone of the smooth muscle maintains the positive intraluminal pressure and acts as a stimulus to lung growth via the force exerted across the airway wall and adjacent parenchyma. The expansion of the compliant endbuds by the fluid shifts at the airway tip may promote their growth into the surrounding mesenchyme.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy > Functional Anatomy

UniBE Contributor:

Schittny, Johannes

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1044-1549

Publisher:

American Lung Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Johannes Schittny

Date Deposited:

25 Aug 2014 13:37

Last Modified:

19 Dec 2014 18:57

Publisher DOI:

10.1165/ajrcmb.23.1.3926

PubMed ID:

10873148

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.50159

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/50159

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