Carbon sequestration in community forests: trade-offs, multiple outcomes and institutional diversity in the Bolivian Amazon

Bottazzi, Patrick; Crespo, David; Soria, Harry; Dao, Hy; Serrudo, Marcelo; Benavides, Jean Paul; Schwarzer, Stefan; Rist, Stephan (2014). Carbon sequestration in community forests: trade-offs, multiple outcomes and institutional diversity in the Bolivian Amazon. Development and Change, 45(1), pp. 105-131. Wiley 10.1111/dech.12076

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Carbon sequestration in community forests presents a major challenge for the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) programme. This article uses a comparative analysis of the agricultural and forestry practices of indigenous peoples and settlers in the Bolivian Amazon to show how community-level institutions regulate the trade-offs between community livelihoods, forest species diversity, and carbon sequestration. The authors argue that REDD+ implementation in such areas runs the risk of: 1) reinforcing economic inequalities based on previous and potential land use impacts on ecosystems (baseline), depending on the socio-cultural groups targeted; 2) increasing pressure on land used for food production, possibly reducing food security and redirecting labour towards scarce off-farm income opportunities; 3) increasing dependence on external funding and carbon market fluctuations instead of local production strategies; and 4) further incentivising the privatization and commodification of land to avoid transaction costs associated with collective property rights. The article also advises against taking a strictly economic, market-based approach to carbon sequestration, arguing that such an approach could endanger fragile socio-ecological systems. REDD+ schemes should directly support existing efforts towards forest sustainability rather than simply compensating local land users for avoiding deforestation and forest degradation

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Integrative Geography > Unit Geography of Sustainable Development
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

UniBE Contributor:

Bottazzi, Patrick and Rist, Stephan

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics

ISSN:

1467-7660

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Users 124 not found.

Date Deposited:

23 Jul 2014 10:17

Last Modified:

17 Oct 2015 15:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/dech.12076

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.50778

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/50778

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