The Quiet Eye and motor performance – Introducing fixation duration as an independent variable

Klostermann, André; Kredel, Ralf; Hossner, Ernst-Joachim (31 March 2014). The Quiet Eye and motor performance – Introducing fixation duration as an independent variable (Unpublished). In: TEAP 2014. Giessen. 31.03. - 02.04. 2014.

Evidence suggests a strong relation between superior motor performance and the duration of the last fixation before movement initiation (called Quiet Eye, QE). Although this phenomenon proves to be quite robust, to date, only little is known about its functional role. Therefore, in two experiments, a novel paradigm is introduced, testing the QE as independent variable by experimentally manipulating the duration of the last fixation in a throwing task. In addition, this paradigm allowed for the manipulation of the predictability of the target position. Results of the first study revealed an increase in throwing accuracy as function of experimentally prolonged QE durations. Thus, the assumption that the QE does not surface as a mere by-product of superior performance could be confirmed. In the second study, this dependency was found only under high task-demand conditions in which the target position was not predictable. This finding confirms the hypothesis that it is the optimization of information processing which serves as the crucial mechanisms behind QE effects.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Klostermann, André; Kredel, Ralf and Hossner, Ernst-Joachim

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISBN:

978-3-89967-915-1

Publisher:

Pabst Science Publishers

Submitter:

André Klostermann

Date Deposited:

16 May 2014 10:46

Last Modified:

16 May 2014 10:46

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/50829

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback