Patient self-management of oral anticoagulation with vitamin k antagonists in everyday practice: efficacy and safety in a nationwide long-term prospective cohort study.

Nagler, Michael; Bachmann, Lucas M.; Schmid, Pirmin; Raddatz Müller, Pascale; Wuillemin, Walter A. (2014). Patient self-management of oral anticoagulation with vitamin k antagonists in everyday practice: efficacy and safety in a nationwide long-term prospective cohort study. PLoS ONE, 9(4), pp. 1-9. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0095761

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Patient self-management (PSM) of oral anticoagulation is under discussion, because evidence from real-life settings is missing. Using data from a nationwide, prospective cohort study in Switzerland, we assessed overall long-term efficacy and safety of PSM and examined subgroups. Data of 1140 patients (5818.9 patient-years) were analysed and no patient were lost to follow-up. Median follow-up was 4.3 years (range 0.2-12.8 years). Median age at the time of training was 54.2 years (range 18.2-85.2) and 34.6% were women. All-cause mortality was 1.4 per 100 patient-years (95% CI 1.1-1.7) with a higher rate in patients with atrial fibrillation (2.5; 1.6-3.7; p<0.001), patients>50 years of age (2.0; 1.6-2.6; p<0.001), and men (1.6; 1.2-2.1; p = 0.036). The rate of thromboembolic events was 0.4 (0.2-0.6) and independent from indications, sex and age. Major bleeding were observed in 1.1 (0.9-1.5) per 100 patient-years. Efficacy was comparable to standard care and new oral anticoagulants in a network meta-analysis. PSM of properly trained patients is effective and safe in a long-term real-life setting and robust across clinical subgroups. Adoption in various clinical settings, including those with limited access to medical care or rural areas is warranted.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Nagler, Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Verena Zwahlen

Date Deposited:

22 Aug 2014 07:30

Last Modified:

10 Sep 2017 09:35

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0095761

PubMed ID:

24748062

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.51943

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/51943

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