Molecular epidemiology of Bacillus anthracis: determining the correct origin

Pilo, Paola; Perreten, Vincent; Frey, Joachim (2008). Molecular epidemiology of Bacillus anthracis: determining the correct origin. Applied and environmental microbiology, 74(9), pp. 2928-2931. American Society for Microbiology 10.1128/AEM.02574-07

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We analyzed and compared strains of Bacillus anthracis isolated from husbandry and industrial anthrax cases in Switzerland between 1952 and 1981 with published data using multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis. Strains isolated from autochthonous cases of anthrax in cattle belong to genotype B2, together with strains from continental Europe, while human B. anthracis strains clustered with genotype A4. These strains could be traced back to outbreaks of human anthrax that occurred between 1978 and 1981 in a factory processing cashmere wool from the Indian subcontinent. We interpret the worldwide occurrence of B. anthracis strains of cluster A4 to be due to the extensive global trade of untreated cashmere wool during the last century.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology > Molecular Bacterial Epidemiology and Infectiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology

UniBE Contributor:

Pilo, Paola; Perreten, Vincent and Frey, Joachim

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0099-2240

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Vincent Perreten

Date Deposited:

24 Sep 2014 13:43

Last Modified:

08 Feb 2017 14:41

Publisher DOI:

10.1128/AEM.02574-07

PubMed ID:

18326672

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.52019

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/52019

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