Effects of inner and heard speech in arts speech therapy on cerebral oxygenation and hemodynamics

Wolf, Ursula; Klein, Sabine; Wolf, Martin; Scholkmann, Felix (October 2013). Effects of inner and heard speech in arts speech therapy on cerebral oxygenation and hemodynamics. In: 6th European Congress for Integrative Medicine. Berlin, Germany. 04.-05.10.2013.

Background: The aim of the present study was to contributing to researching physiological effects of arts speech therapy by (i) investigating effects of inner and heard speech on cerebral hemodynamics and oxygenation, and (ii) analyzing if these changes were affected by alterations of the arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2). Methods: In 29 healthy adult volunteers we measured changes in cerebral absolute oxyhemoglobin ([O2Hb]), deoxyhemoglobin ([HHb]), total hemoglobin ([tHb]) concentrations and tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) (over the left and right anterior prefrontal cortex (PFC)) using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as well as changes in end-tidal CO2 (PETCO2) using capnography. Each subject performed six different tasks: three types of task modalities, i.e. inner speech, heard speech from a person and heard speech from a record, and, two recitation texts, i.e. hexameter and alliteration on different days according to a randomized crossover design. Statistical analysis was applied to the differences between the baseline, two task and four recovery periods. The two brain hemispheres, i.e. left and right PFC, and six tasks were tested separately. Results: During the tasks we found in general a decrease in PETCO2 (significantly only for inner speech), StO2, [O2Hb], [tHb] as well as in an increase in [HHb]. There was a significant difference between hexameter and alliteration. Particularly, the changes in [tHb] at the left PFC during tasks and after them were statistically different. Furthermore we found significant relations between changes in [O2Hb], [HHb], [tHb] or StO2 and the participants’ age, the baseline PETCO2, or certain speech tasks. Conclusions: Changes in breathing (hyperventilation) during the tasks led to lower PaCO2 (hypocapnia) for inner speech. During heard speech no significant changes in PaCO2 occurred, but the decreases in StO2, [O2Hb], [tHb] suggest that changes in PaCO2 were also relevant here. Different verse types (hexameter, alliteration) led to different changes in [tHb]. Consequently, StO2, [O2Hb], [HHb] and [tHb] are affected by interplay of both PaCO2 reactivity and task dependent functional brain activity.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of Complementary and Integrative Medicine (IKIM)

UniBE Contributor:

Wolf, Ursula; Klein, Sabine and Scholkmann, Felix

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sabine Klein

Date Deposited:

13 May 2014 10:36

Last Modified:

13 May 2014 10:36

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/52205

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