Female mating preferences and male coloration covary with water transparency in a Lake Victoria cichlid fish

Maan, Martine E.; Seehausen, Ole; Van Alphen, J.J.M. (2010). Female mating preferences and male coloration covary with water transparency in a Lake Victoria cichlid fish. Biological journal of the Linnean Society, 99(2), pp. 398-406. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01368.x

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Rapid speciation in Lake Victoria cichlid fish of the genus Pundamilia may be facilitated by sexual selection: female mate choice exerts sexual selection on male nuptial coloration within species and maintains reproductive isolation between species. However, declining water transparency coincides with increasingly dull coloration and increasing hybridization. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism underlying this pattern in Pundamilia nyererei, a species that interbreeds with a sister species in turbid but not in clear water. We compared measures of intraspecific sexual selection between two populations from locations that differ in water transparency. First, in laboratory mate-choice experiments, conducted in clear water and under broad-spectrum illumination, we found that females originating from turbid water have significantly weaker preferences for male coloration than females originating from clear water. Second, both the hue and body coverage of male coloration differ between populations, which is consistent with adaptation to different photic habitats. These findings suggest that the observed relationship between male coloration and water transparency is not mediated by environmental variation alone. Rather, female mating preferences are indicated to have changed in response to this variation, constituting the first evidence for intraspecific preference-trait co-evolution in cichlid fish. (C) 2010 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2010, 99, 398-406.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Aquatic Ecology

UniBE Contributor:

Maan, Martine and Seehausen, Ole

ISSN:

0024-4066

ISBN:

0024-4066

Publisher:

Blackwell Publishing

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:17

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 19:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01368.x

Web of Science ID:

000273722500016

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/5257 (FactScience: 209988)

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