Expectation-based types of volunteers in Swiss sports clubs

Egli, Benjamin; Schlesinger, Torsten; Nagel, Siegfried (2014). Expectation-based types of volunteers in Swiss sports clubs. Managing Leisure, 19(5), pp. 359-375. Routledge 10.1080/13606719.2014.885714

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Volunteer research in sports clubs has paid hardly any attention to the individual expectations even though matching conditions to the specific volunteer’s expectations represents a major management challenge. This article presents a person-oriented approach to the expectation profiles of volunteers that delivers the basis for identifying different volunteer segments. The approach assumes explicitly that volunteers in sports clubs develop specific expectations regarding their working conditions. These expectations were determined in a sample of 441 members of 45 selected sports clubs. Proximately, a cluster analysis revealed that volunteers vary in their expectations regarding voluntary work. Four different types of volunteers could be identified: (1) recognition seekers, (2) material incentive seekers, (3) participation and communication seekers, and (4) support seekers. These “expectation-based volunteer types” could also be characterized in socioeconomic, membershiprelated, and volunteer-work-related terms. These types could serve as a basis for designing specific voluntary work conditions in sports clubs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Sociology and Management

UniBE Contributor:

Egli, Benjamin, Schlesinger, Torsten, Nagel, Siegfried


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment








Benjamin Egli

Date Deposited:

11 Jun 2014 10:34

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:34

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

volunteers, sports clubs, person-oriented approach, expectation-based volunteer types, cluster analysis





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