Does culture really matter in sports participation? The impact of socio-cultural factors on sports behaviour in Switzerland

Hayoz, Christelle Vanessa; Klostermann, Claudia; Schlesinger, Torsten; Nagel, Siegfried (10 May 2014). Does culture really matter in sports participation? The impact of socio-cultural factors on sports behaviour in Switzerland. In: Changing Landscapes in Sport: dynamics, hybridities and resistance. 11th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference (EASS). Changing Landscapes in Sport: dynamics, hybridities and resistance. Book of Abstracts. 11th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference (EASS) (p. 103). Eass conference

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The physical activity of the Swiss population differs considerably depending on the linguistic region. German speakers are more often physically active than people living in the French or Italian-speaking part of Switzerland (Stamm & Lamprecht, 2011). This study analyses how socio-cultural factors correlate with sports participation for adolescents and young adults. In order to analyse this research question, Bourdieu’s concept of habitus (1984) has been adapted and used as a theoretical background. This sport-related concept of habitus considers culturally determined values, the attribution of meaning and patterns of action such as the understanding of sports, the importance of sports, body, health or leisure. On this basis, the sport-related habitus and the practical relevance of sports participation has been empirically reconstructed for adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 25 through a qualitative study including guideline-based interviews with German (n=6) and French (n=4) speaking adolescents and young adults, as well as a quantitative survey in a German (n=106) and a French (n=99) speaking commune of Switzerland. Initial findings reveal that young German speakers associate sports with self-discipline (χ²(1, N=205)= 8.223, p<.005, V=.200) and fitness (χ²(1, N=205)= 21.989, p<.005, V=.328) whereas young French speakers are more likely to relate health (χ²(1, N=205)= 9.455, p<.005, V=.215), effort and perspiration (χ²(1, N=205)= 18.835, p<.005, V=.303) to sports. Similarly, the understanding of body and health as well as the attitude towards leisure differs between the German and French speaking parts of Switzerland. This study illustrates that the concept of sports habitus is culturally shaped and therefore may be fruitful in further analyses. Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction. A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Stamm, H. & Lamprecht, M. (2008). Swiss sports participation in an international perspective. European Journal for Sport and Society, 8 (1+2), 15-29.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science III

UniBE Contributor:

Hayoz, Christelle Vanessa; Klostermann, Claudia; Schlesinger, Torsten and Nagel, Siegfried

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

Series:

Changing Landscapes in Sport: dynamics, hybridities and resistance. Book of Abstracts. 11th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference (EASS)

Publisher:

Eass conference

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christelle Vanessa Hayoz

Date Deposited:

21 May 2014 11:07

Last Modified:

30 Oct 2015 16:33

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.52632

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/52632

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