Intracisternal application of endotoxin enhances the susceptibility to subsequent hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in neonatal rats.

Coumans, Audrey B C; Middelanis, Johannes S; Garnier, Yves; Vaihinger, Hans-Martin; Leib, Stephen; Von Duering, Monika U; Hasaart, Tom H M; Jensen, Arne; Berger, Richard (2003). Intracisternal application of endotoxin enhances the susceptibility to subsequent hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in neonatal rats. Pediatric research, 53(5), pp. 770-775. Nature Publishing Group 10.1203/01.PDR.0000059221.40073.82

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Perinatal brain damage is associated not only with hypoxic-ischemic insults but also with intrauterine inflammation. A combination of antenatal inflammation and asphyxia increases the risk of cerebral palsy >70 times. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of intracisternal (i.c.) administration of endotoxin [lipopolysaccharides (LPS)] on subsequent hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in neonatal rats. Seven-day-old Wistar rats were subjected to i.c. application of NaCl or LPS (5 microg/pup). One hour later, the left common carotid artery was exposed through a midline neck incision and ligated with 6-0 surgical silk. After another hour of recovery, the pups were subjected to a hypoxic gas mixture (8% oxygen/92% nitrogen) for 60 min. The animals were randomized to four experimental groups: 1) sham control group, left common carotid artery exposed but not ligated (n = 5); 2) LPS group, subjected to i.c. application of LPS (n = 7); 3) hypoxic-ischemic study group, i.c. injection of NaCl and exposure to hypoxia after ligation of the left carotid artery (n = 17); or 4) hypoxic-ischemic/LPS study group, i.c. injection of LPS and exposure to hypoxia after ligation of the left carotid artery (n = 19). Seven days later, neonatal brains were assessed for neuronal cell damage. In a second set of experiments, rat pups received an i.c. injection of LPS (5 microg/pup) and were evaluated for tumor necrosis factor-alpha expression by immunohistochemistry. Neuronal cell damage could not be observed in the sham control or in the LPS group. In the hypoxic-ischemic/LPS group, neuronal injury in the cerebral cortex was significantly higher than in animals that were subjected to hypoxia/ischemia after i.c. application of NaCl. Injecting LPS intracisternally caused a marked expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the leptomeninges. Applying LPS intracisternally sensitizes the immature rat brain to a subsequent hypoxic-ischemic insult.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Leib, Stephen

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0031-3998

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stephen Leib

Date Deposited:

01 Sep 2014 08:20

Last Modified:

08 Jul 2015 08:02

Publisher DOI:

10.1203/01.PDR.0000059221.40073.82

PubMed ID:

12621122

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.52747

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/52747

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