[Microbiological point of care tests]

Book, Malte; Lehmann, Lutz Eric; Zhang, Xianghong; Stüber, Frank (2010). [Microbiological point of care tests]. Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie, 45(11-12), pp. 732-9. Stuttgart: Thieme 10.1055/s-0030-1268877

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It is well known that the early initiation of a specific antiinfective therapy is crucial to reduce the mortality in severe infection. Procedures culturing pathogens are the diagnostic gold standard in such diseases. However, these methods yield results earliest between 24 to 48 hours. Therefore, severe infections such as sepsis need to be treated with an empirical antimicrobial therapy, which is ineffective in an unknown fraction of these patients. Today's microbiological point of care tests are pathogen specific and therefore not appropriate for an infection with a variety of possible pathogens. Molecular nucleic acid diagnostics such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) allow the identification of pathogens and resistances. These methods are used routinely to speed up the analysis of positive blood cultures. The newest PCR based system allows the identification of the 25 most frequent sepsis pathogens by PCR in parallel without previous culture in less than 6 hours. Thereby, these systems might shorten the time of possibly insufficient antiinfective therapy. However, these extensive tools are not suitable as point of care diagnostics. Miniaturization and automating of the nucleic acid based method is pending, as well as an increase of detectable pathogens and resistance genes by these methods. It is assumed that molecular PCR techniques will have an increasing impact on microbiological diagnostics in the future.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy

UniBE Contributor:

Book, Malte; Lehmann, Lutz Eric and Stüber, Frank

ISSN:

0939-2661

Publisher:

Thieme

Language:

German

Submitter:

Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:08

Last Modified:

23 Jan 2018 12:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1055/s-0030-1268877

PubMed ID:

21120772

Web of Science ID:

000284823100008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/529 (FactScience: 199699)

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