Non-invasive and non-occlusive blood pressure estimation via a chest sensor

Solà, Josep; Proença, Martin; Ferrario, Damien; Porchet, Jacques-André; Falhi, Abdessamad; Grossenbacher, Olivier; Allemann, Yves; Rimoldi, Stefano F.; Sartori, Claudio (2013). Non-invasive and non-occlusive blood pressure estimation via a chest sensor. IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering, 60(12), pp. 3505-3513. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 10.1109/TBME.2013.2272699

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The clinical demand for a device to monitor Blood Pressure (BP) in ambulatory scenarios with minimal use of inflation cuffs is increasing. Based on the so-called Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) principle, this paper introduces and evaluates a novel concept of BP monitor that can be fully integrated within a chest sensor. After a preliminary calibration, the sensor provides non-occlusive beat-by-beat estimations of Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) by measuring the Pulse Transit Time (PTT) of arterial pressure pulses travelling from the ascending aorta towards the subcutaneous vasculature of the chest. In a cohort of 15 healthy male subjects, a total of 462 simultaneous readings consisting of reference MAP and chest PTT were acquired. Each subject was recorded at three different days: D, D+3 and D+14. Overall, the implemented protocol induced MAP values to range from 80 ± 6 mmHg in baseline, to 107 ± 9 mmHg during isometric handgrip maneuvers. Agreement between reference and chest-sensor MAP values was tested by using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC = 0.78) and Bland-Altman analysis (mean error = 0.7 mmHg, standard deviation = 5.1 mmHg). The cumulative percentage of MAP values provided by the chest sensor falling within a range of ±5 mmHg compared to reference MAP readings was of 70%, within ±10 mmHg was of 91%, and within ±15mmHg was of 98%. These results point at the fact that the chest sensor complies with the British Hypertension Society (BHS) requirements of Grade A BP monitors, when applied to MAP readings. Grade A performance was maintained even two weeks after having performed the initial subject-dependent calibration. In conclusion, this paper introduces a sensor and a calibration strategy to perform MAP measurements at the chest. The encouraging performance of the presented technique paves the way towards an ambulatory-compliant, continuous and non-occlusive BP monitoring system.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Allemann, Yves; Rimoldi, Stefano and Sartori, Claudio

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1558-2531

Publisher:

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Judith Liniger

Date Deposited:

17 Jun 2014 08:55

Last Modified:

28 Oct 2015 11:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1109/TBME.2013.2272699

PubMed ID:

23864147

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.52901

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/52901

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