Ultrafast Relaxation Dynamics of Osmium-Polypyridine Complexes in Solution

Bräm, Olivier; Messina, Fabrizio; Baranoff, Etienne; Cannizzo, Andrea; Nazeeruddin, Mohammad Khaja; Chergui, Majed (2013). Ultrafast Relaxation Dynamics of Osmium-Polypyridine Complexes in Solution. Journal of physical chemistry. C, 117(31), pp. 15958-15966. American Chemical Society 10.1021/jp405362e

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We present steady-state absorption and emission spectroscopy and femtosecond broadband photoluminescence up-conversion spectroscopy studies of the electronic relaxation of Os(dmbp)3 (Os1) and Os(bpy)2(dpp) (Os2) in ethanol, where dmbp is 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-biypridine, bpy is 2,2′-biypridine, and dpp is 2,3-dipyridyl pyrazine. In both cases, the steady-state phosphorescence is due to the lowest 3MLCT state, whose quantum yield we estimate to be ≤5.0 × 10–3. For Os1, the steady-state phosphorescence lifetime is 25 ns. In both complexes, the photoluminescence excitation spectra map the absorption spectrum, pointing to an excitation wavelength-independent quantum yield. The ultrafast studies revealed a short-lived (≤100 fs) fluorescence, which stems from the lowest singlet metal-to-ligand-charge-transfer (1MLCT) state and decays by intersystem crossing to the manifold of 3MLCT states. In addition, Os1 exhibits a 50 ps lived emission from an intermediate triplet state at an energy 2000 cm–1 above that of the long-lived (25 ns) phosphorescence. In Os2, the 1MLCT–3MLCT intersystem crossing is faster than that in Os1, and no emission from triplet states is observed other than the lowest one. These observations are attributed to a higher density of states or a smaller energy spacing between them compared with Os1. They highlight the importance of the energetics on the rate of intersystem crossing.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Applied Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Cannizzo, Andrea


600 Technology > 620 Engineering




American Chemical Society




Martin Frenz-Lips

Date Deposited:

16 Sep 2014 14:34

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:34

Publisher DOI:






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