A Compensating Anastigmatic Submillimeter Array Imaging System for STEAMR

Whale, Mark; Murphy, Anthony; Murk, Axel; Renker, Matthias; Frisk, Urban; Janson, Olle (2013). A Compensating Anastigmatic Submillimeter Array Imaging System for STEAMR. IEEE transactions on terahertz science and technology, 3(1), pp. 110-119. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE 10.1109/TTHZ.2012.2228895

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In this paper, we present a novel technique for the removal of astigmatism in submillimeter-wave optical systems through employment of a specific combination of so-called astigmatic off-axis reflectors. This technique treats an orthogonally astigmatic beam using skew Gaussian beam analysis, from which an anastigmatic imaging network is derived. The resultant beam is considered truly stigmatic, with all Gaussian beam parameters in the orthogonal directions being matched. This is thus considered an improvement over previous techniques wherein a beam corrected for astigmatism has only the orthogonal beam amplitude radii matched, with phase shift and phase radius of curvature not considered. This technique is computationally efficient, negating the requirement for computationally intensive numerical analysis of shaped reflector surfaces. The required optical surfaces are also relatively simple to implement compared to such numerically optimized shaped surfaces. This technique is implemented in this work as part of the complete optics train for the STEAMR antenna. The STEAMR instrument is envisaged as a mutli-beam limb sounding instrument operating at submillimeter wavelengths. The antenna optics arrangement for this instrument uses multiple off-axis reflectors to control the incident radiation and couple them to their corresponding receiver feeds. An anastigmatic imaging network is successfully implemented into an optical model of this antenna, and the resultant design ensures optimal imaging of the beams to the corresponding feed horns. This example also addresses the challenges of imaging in multi-beam antenna systems.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Applied Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Whale, Mark; Murk, Axel and Renker, Matthias


600 Technology > 620 Engineering




Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE




Martin Frenz-Lips

Date Deposited:

17 Sep 2014 16:13

Last Modified:

05 Oct 2015 09:08

Publisher DOI:






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