Age-of-onset-dependent influence of NOD2 gene variants on disease behaviour and treatment in Crohn's disease

Posovszky, Carsten; Pfalzer, Veronika; Lahr, Georgia; Niess, Jan Hendrik; Klaus, Jochen; Mayer, Benjamin; Debatin, Klaus-Michael; von Boyen, Georg BT (2013). Age-of-onset-dependent influence of NOD2 gene variants on disease behaviour and treatment in Crohn's disease. BMC gastroenterology, 13(1), p. 77. BioMed Central 10.1186/1471-230x-13-77

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BACKGROUND: Influence of genetic variants in the NOD2 gene may play a more important role in disease activity, behaviour and treatment of pediatric- than adult-onset Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: 85 pediatric- and 117 adult-onset CD patients were tested for the three main NOD2 CD-associated variants (p.R702W, p.G908R and p.10007fs) and clinical data of at least two years of follow-up were compared regarding disease behaviour and activity, response to therapy and bone mineral density (BMD). RESULTS: Chronic active and moderate to severe course of CD is associated in patients with pediatric-onset (p=0.0001) and NOD2 variant alleles (p=0.0001). In pediatric-onset CD the average PCDAI-Score was significantly higher in patients carrying NOD2 variants (p=0.0008). In addition, underweight during course of the disease (p=0.012) was associated with NOD2 variants. Interestingly, osteoporosis was found more frequently in patients carrying NOD2 variant alleles (p=0.033), especially in pediatric-onset CD patients with homozygous NOD2 variants (p=0.037). Accordingly, low BMD in pediatric-onset CD is associated with a higher PCDAI (p=0.0092), chronic active disease (p=0.0148), underweight at diagnosis (p=0.0271) and during follow-up (p=0.0109). Furthermore, pediatric-onset CD patients with NOD2 variants are more frequently steroid-dependent or refractory (p=0.048) and need long-term immunosuppressive therapy (p=0.0213). CONCLUSIONS: These data suggests that the presence of any of the main NOD2 variants in CD is associated with osteoporosis and an age of onset dependent influence towards underweight, higher disease activity and a more intensive immunosuppressive therapy. This observation supports the idea for an early intensive treatment strategy in children and adolescent CD patients with NOD2 gene variants.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Niess, Jan Hendrik

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1471-230X

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lilian Karin Smith-Wirth

Date Deposited:

12 Jun 2014 08:40

Last Modified:

11 Dec 2014 18:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/1471-230x-13-77

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Crohn’s disease, NOD2, CARD 15, Osteoporosis, Pediatric-onset

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.53051

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53051

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