The impact of social roles on trait judgments: a critical reexamination

Bosak, Janine; Sczesny, Sabine; Eagly, Alice H. (2012). The impact of social roles on trait judgments: a critical reexamination. Personality & social psychology bulletin, 38(4), pp. 429-440. Sage Publications 10.1177/0146167211427308

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Consistent with social role theory's assumption that the role behavior of men and women shapes gender stereotypes, earlier experiments have found that men's and women's occupancy of the same role eliminated gender-stereotypical judgments of greater agency and lower communion in men than women. The shifting standards model raises the question of whether a shift to within-sex standards in judgments of men and women in roles could have masked underlying gender stereotypes. To examine this possibility, two experiments obtained judgments of men and women using measures that do or do not restrain shifts to within-sex standards. This measure variation did not affect the social role pattern of smaller perceived sex differences in the presence of role information. These findings thus support the social role theory claim that designations of identical roles for subgroups of men and women eliminate or reduce perceived sex differences.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Psychology and Social Neuroscience

UniBE Contributor:

Sczesny, Sabine

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

0146-1672

Publisher:

Sage Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Stettler

Date Deposited:

26 May 2014 11:25

Last Modified:

12 Sep 2017 07:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/0146167211427308

PubMed ID:

22201645

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.53065

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53065

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