Bipyridyl- and biphenyl-DNA: A recognition motif based on interstrand aromatic stacking

Brotschi, Christine; Mathis, Gérald; Leumann, Christian J. (2005). Bipyridyl- and biphenyl-DNA: A recognition motif based on interstrand aromatic stacking. Chemistry - a European journal, 11(6), pp. 1911-1923. Wiley-VCH 10.1002/chem.200400858

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The synthesis and incorporation into oligonucleotides of C-nucleosides containing the two aromatic, non-hydrogen-bonding nucleobase substitutes biphenyl (I) and bipyridyl (Y) are described. Their homo- and hetero-recognition properties in different sequential arrangements were then investigated via UV-melting curve analysis, gel mobility assays, CD- and NMR spectroscopy. An NMR analysis of a dodecamer duplex containing one biphenyl pair in the center, as well as CD data on duplexes with multiple insertions provide further evidence for the zipper-like interstrand stacking motif that we proposed earlier based on molecular modeling. UV-thermal melting experiments with duplexes containing one to up to seven I- or Y base pairs revealed a constant increase in T(m) in the case of I and a constant decrease for Y. Mixed I/Y base pairs lead to stabilities in between the homoseries. Insertion of alternating I/abasic site- or Y/abasic site pairs strongly decreases the thermal stability of duplexes. Asymmetric distribution of I- or Y residues on either strand of the duplex were also investigated in this context. Duplexes with three natural base pairs at both ends and 50 % of I pairs in the center are still readily formed, while duplexes with blunt ended I pairs tend to aggregate unspecifically. Duplexes with one natural overhang at the end of a I-I base pair tract can both aggregate or form ordered duplexes, depending on the nature of the natural bases in the overhang

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)

UniBE Contributor:

Leumann, Christian


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry








Christian Leumann

Date Deposited:

26 May 2014 15:34

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:34

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

analysis, base, BASE-PAIR, bases, biphenyl, CD, data, distribution, duplex, DUPLEXES, molecular, molecular modeling, motif, NMR, oligonucleotide, Oligonucleotides, properties, recognition, site, stability, synthesis, thermal




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