The effects of resistance training on well-being and memory in elderly volunteers

Perrig-Chiello, P.; Perrig, Walter J.; Ehrsam, Rolf; Stähelin, H.B.; Krings, Franziska (1998). The effects of resistance training on well-being and memory in elderly volunteers. Age and ageing, 27(4), pp. 469-475. Oxford University Press

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Objective: to determine the short- and long-term effects of resistance training on muscle strength, psychological well-being, control-beliefs, cognitive speed and memory in normally active elderly people.

Methods: 46 elderly people (mean age 73.2 years; 18 women and 28 men), were randomly assigned to training and control groups (n = 23 each). Pre- and post-tests were administered 1 week before and 1 week after the 8-week training intervention. The training sessions, performed once a week, consisted of a 10 min warm-up phase and eight resistance exercises on machines.

Results: there was a significant increase in maximum dynamic strength in the training group. This training effect was associated with a significant decrease in self-attentiveness, which is known to enhance psychological well-being. No significant changes could be observed in control-beliefs. Modest effects on cognitive functioning occurred with the training procedure: although there were no changes in cognitive speed, significant pre/post-changes could be shown in free recall and recognition in the experimental group. A post-test comparison between the experimental group and control group showed a weak effect for recognition but no significant differences in free recall. Significant long-term effects were found in the training group for muscular strength and memory performance (free recall) 1 year later.

Conclusion: an 8-week programme of resistance training lessens anxiety and self-attentiveness and improves muscle strength.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Psychological and Behavioral Health

UniBE Contributor:

Perrig-Chiello, Pasqualina, Perrig, Walter


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Oxford University Press




Anna Maria Ruprecht Künzli

Date Deposited:

08 Aug 2014 14:39

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:34




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