Differential aspects of memory self-evaluation in old and very old people

Perrig-Chiello, Pasqualina; Perrig, Walter J.; Stähelin, Hannes B. (2000). Differential aspects of memory self-evaluation in old and very old people. Aging & mental health, 4(2), pp. 130-135. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/13607860050008646

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The aim of this paper was to examine age-related changes and gender differences in memory self-evaluation in old people and to examine the predictive power of objective memory performance and of personality variables (neuroticism and extraversion) on memory self-evaluation. In a cross-sectional study, 301 not institutionalized people aged 65± 94, 207 male
and 94 female, were tested on three parameters. Subjective memory evaluation was operationalized with three one-item ratings: temporal comparison, social comparison, situation-speci® c memory self-evaluation just after performing a memory test. Objective memory assessment (free recall) used a computerized test. Personality assessment included the two main
sub-scales `extraversion’ and `neuroticism’ from the Freiburger PersoÈ nlichkeits-Inventar.The results shaved that persons of all age groups have a realistic appraisal of their age-related memory decline.No gender effects were found for any of the three forms of memory self-evaluation. The relationship between objective memory performance, personality variables and
memory self-evaluation however depends on age and gender. Our results show that objective memory performance is predictive for memory self-evaluation in men aged >75 years, whereas in men <75 neuroticism is the only signi® cant predictor.Men of the older cohort seem to have adapted to the age-related memory decline whereas the young old are still
coping with the ongoing changes. In women of both age groups the objective memory performance is the only and strong predictor of memory self-evaluation. Our results suggest that gender-speci® c educational socialization might be the reason for these differences.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Psychological and Behavioral Health

UniBE Contributor:

Perrig-Chiello, Pasqualina, Perrig, Walter


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Taylor & Francis




Anna Maria Ruprecht Künzli

Date Deposited:

18 Jul 2014 15:31

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:34

Publisher DOI:




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