The AtProT family. Compatible solute transporters with similar substrate specificity but differential expression patterns

Grallath, Silke; Weimar, Thilo; Meyer, Andreas; Gumy, Christophe; Suter Grotemeyer, Marianne; Neuhaus, Jean-Marc; Rentsch, Doris (2005). The AtProT family. Compatible solute transporters with similar substrate specificity but differential expression patterns. Plant Physiology, 137(1), pp. 117-126. American Society of Plant Physiologists 10.1104/pp.104.055079

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Proline transporters (ProTs) mediate transport of the compatible solutes Pro, glycine betaine, and the stress-induced compound gamma-aminobutyric acid. A new member of this gene family, AtProT3, was isolated from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), and its properties were compared to AtProT1 and AtProT2. Transient expression of fusions of AtProT and the green fluorescent protein in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) protoplasts revealed that all three AtProTs were localized at the plasma membrane. Expression in a yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) mutant demonstrated that the affinity of all three AtProTs was highest for glycine betaine (K-m = 0.1-0.3 mM), lower for Pro (K-m = 0.4-1 mM), and lowest for gamma-aminobutyric acid (K-m = 4-5 mM). Relative quantification of the mRNA level using real-time PCR and analyses of transgenic plants expressing the beta-glucuronidase (uidA) gene under control of individual AtProT promoters showed that the expression pattern of AtProTs are complementary. AtProT1 expression was found in the phloem or phloem parenchyma cells throughout the whole plant, indicative of a role in long-distance transport of compatible solutes. beta-Glucuronidase activity under the control of the AtProT2 promoter was restricted to the epidermis and the cortex cells in roots, whereas in leaves, staining could be demonstrated only after wounding. In contrast, AtProT3 expression was restricted to the above-ground parts of the plant and could be localized to the epidermal cells in leaves. These results showed that, although intracellular localization, substrate specificity, and affinity are very similar, the transporters fulfill different roles in planta.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Molecular Plant Physiology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Meyer, Andreas; Gumy, Christophe; Suter, Marianne and Rentsch, Doris

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0032-0889

Publisher:

American Society of Plant Physiologists

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

06 Jun 2014 13:44

Last Modified:

09 Oct 2015 15:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1104/pp.104.055079

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53318

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