Characterization of major zinc containing myonecrotic and procoagulant metalloprotease 'malabarin' from non lethal trimeresurus malabaricus snake venom with thrombin like activity: its neutralization by chelating agents

Gowda, C D Raghavendra; Shivaprasad, H V; Kumar, R Venkatesh; Rajesh, R; Saikumari, Y K; Frey, B M; Frey, F J; Sharath, B K; Vishwanath, B S (2011). Characterization of major zinc containing myonecrotic and procoagulant metalloprotease 'malabarin' from non lethal trimeresurus malabaricus snake venom with thrombin like activity: its neutralization by chelating agents. Current topics in medicinal chemistry, 11(20), pp. 2578-88. Hilversum: Bentham Science Publishers

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A major myonecrotic zinc containing metalloprotease 'malabarin' with thrombin like activity was purified by the combination of gel permeation and anion exchange chromatography from T. malabaricus snake venom. MALDI-TOF analysis of malabarin indicated a molecular mass of 45.76 kDa and its N-terminal sequence was found to be Ile-Ile-Leu- Pro(Leu)-Ile-Gly-Val-Ile-Leu(Glu)-Thr-Thr. Atomic absorption spectral analysis of malabarin raveled the association of zinc metal ion. Malabarin is not lethal when injected i.p. or i.m. but causes extensive hemorrhage and degradation of muscle tissue within 24 hours. Sections of muscle tissue under light microscope revealed hemorrhage and congestion of blood vessel during initial stage followed by extensive muscle fiber necrosis with elevated levels of serum creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase activity. Malabarin also exhibited strong procoagulant action and its procoagulant action is due to thrombin like activity; it hydrolyzes fibrinogen to form fibrin clot. The enzyme preferentially hydrolyzes A? followed by B subunits of fibrinogen from the N-terminal region and the released products were identified as fibrinopeptide A and fibrinopeptide B by MALDI. The myonecrotic, fibrinogenolytic and subsequent procoagulant activities of malabarin was neutralized by specific metalloprotease inhibitors such as EDTA, EGTA and 1, 10-phenanthroline but not by PMSF a specific serine protease inhibitor. Since there is no antivenom available to neutralize local toxicity caused by T. malabaricus snakebite, EDTA chelation therapy may have more clinical relevance over conventional treatment.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Nephrology and Hypertension

UniBE Contributor:

Frey, Felix Julius

ISSN:

1568-0266

Publisher:

Bentham Science Publishers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:17

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 19:23

PubMed ID:

21682679

Web of Science ID:

000298728000009

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/5339 (FactScience: 210079)

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