Pyruvate decarboxylase provides growing pollen tubes with a competitive advantage in petunia

Gass, Nathalie; Glagotskaia, Tatiana; Mellema, Stefan; Stuurman, Jeroen; Barone, Mario; Mandel, Therese; Roessner-Tunali, Ute; Kuhlemeier, Cris (2005). Pyruvate decarboxylase provides growing pollen tubes with a competitive advantage in petunia. The Plant Cell, 17(8), pp. 2355-2368. American Society of Plant Biologists 10.1105/tpc.105.033290

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Rapid pollen tube growth places unique demands on energy production and biosynthetic capacity. The aim of this work is to understand how primary metabolism meets the demands of such rapid growth. Aerobically grown pollen produce ethanol in large quantities. The ethanolic fermentation pathway consists of two committed enzymes: pyruvate decarboxylase ( PDC) and alcohol dehydrogenase ( ADH). Because adh mutations do not affect male gametophyte function, the obvious question is why pollen synthesize an abundant enzyme if they could do just as well without. Using transposon tagging in Petunia hybrida, we isolated a null mutant in pollen- specific Pdc2. Growth of the mutant pollen tubes through the style is reduced, and the mutant allele shows reduced transmission through the male, when in competition with wild- type pollen. We propose that not ADH but rather PDC is the critical enzyme in a novel, pollen- specific pathway. This pathway serves to bypass pyruvate dehydrogenase enzymes and thereby maintain biosynthetic capacity and energy production under the unique conditions prevailing during pollen - pistil interaction.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development

UniBE Contributor:

Barone, Mario; Mandel, Therese and Kuhlemeier, Cris

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

1040-4651

Publisher:

American Society of Plant Biologists

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

15 Aug 2014 11:33

Last Modified:

31 Mar 2017 11:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1105/tpc.105.033290

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.53802

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53802

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