The auxin influx carrier is essential for correct leaf positioning

Stieger, Pia; Reinhardt, Didier; Kuhlemeier, Cris (2002). The auxin influx carrier is essential for correct leaf positioning. The Plant Journal, 32(4), pp. 509-517. Blackwell Science 10.1046/j.1365-313X.2002.01448.x

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Auxin is of vital importance in virtually every aspect of plant growth and development, yet, even after almost a century of intense study, major gaps in our knowledge of its synthesis, distribution, perception, and signal transduction remain. One unique property of auxin is its polar transport, which in many well-documented cases is a critical part of its mode of action. Auxin is actively transported through the action of both influx and efflux carriers. Inhibition of polar transport by the efflux inhibitor N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) causes a complete cessation of leaf initiation, a defect that can be reversed by local application of the auxin, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), to the responsive zone of the shoot apical meristem. In this study, we address the role of the auxin influx carrier in the positioning and outgrowth of leaf primordia at the shoot apical meristem of tomato. By using a combination of transport inhibitors and synthetic auxins, we demonstrate that interference with auxin influx has little effect on organ formation as such, but prevents proper localization of leaf primordia. These results suggest the existence of functional auxin concentration gradients in the shoot apical meristem that are actively set up and maintained by the action of efflux and influx carriers. We propose a model in which efflux carriers control auxin delivery to the shoot apical meristem, whereas influx and efflux carriers regulate auxin distribution within the meristem.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development

UniBE Contributor:

Stieger, Pia; Reinhardt, Didier and Kuhlemeier, Cris


500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)




Blackwell Science




Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

15 Aug 2014 13:57

Last Modified:

24 Nov 2015 14:04

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

leaf positioning, auxin influx carrier, auxin, inhibitors of auxin transport




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