Biolimus-Eluting Stents With Biodegradable Polymer Versus Bare-Metal Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction: Two-Year Clinical Results of the COMFORTABLE AMI Trial

Räber, Lorenz; Kelbæk, Henning; Taniwaki, Masanori; Ostojic, Miodrag; Heg, Dik; Baumbach, Andreas; von Birgelen, Clemens; Roffi, Marco; Tüller, David; Engstrøm, Thomas; Moschovitis, Aris; Pedrazzini, Giovanni; Wenaweser, Peter Martin; Kornowski, Ran; Weber, Klaus; Lüscher, Thomas F.; Matter, Christian M.; Meier, Bernhard; Jüni, Peter and Windecker, Stephan (2014). Biolimus-Eluting Stents With Biodegradable Polymer Versus Bare-Metal Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction: Two-Year Clinical Results of the COMFORTABLE AMI Trial. Circulation: Cardiovascular interventions, 7(3), pp. 355-364. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.113.001440

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BACKGROUND This study sought to determine whether the 1-year differences in major adverse cardiac event between a stent eluting biolimus from a biodegradable polymer and bare-metal stents (BMSs) in the COMFORTABLE trial (Comparison of Biolimus Eluted From an Erodible Stent Coating With Bare Metal Stents in Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction) were sustained during long-term follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 1061 patients were randomly assigned to biolimus-eluting stent (BES) and BMS at 11 centers, and follow-up rates at 2 years were 96.3%. A subgroup of 103 patients underwent angiography at 13 months. At 2 years, differences in the primary end point of cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization continued to diverge in favor of BES-treated patients (5.8%) compared with BMS-treated patients (11.9%; hazard ratio=0.48; 95% confidence interval, 0.31-0.72; P<0.001) with a significant risk reduction during the second year of follow-up (hazard ratio 1-2 years=0.45; 95% confidence interval, 0.20-1.00; P=0.049). Differences in the primary end point were driven by a reduction in target lesion revascularization (3.1% versus 8.2%; P<0.001) and target-vessel reinfarction (1.3% versus 3.4%; P=0.023). The composite of death, any reinfarction and revascularization (14.5% versus 19.3%; P=0.03), and cardiac death or target-vessel myocardial infarction (4.2% versus 7.2%; P=0.036) were less frequent among BES-treated patients compared with BMS-treated patients. The 13-month angiographic in-stent percent diameter stenosis amounted to 12.0±7.2 in BES- and 39.6±25.2 in BMS-treated lesions (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS Among patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention, BES continued to improve cardiovascular events compared with BMS beyond 1 year.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

Räber, Lorenz; Taniwaki, Masanori; Heg, Dierik Hans; Wenaweser, Peter Martin; Meier, Bernhard; Jüni, Peter and Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1941-7632

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

12 Sep 2014 08:02

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2017 03:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.113.001440

PubMed ID:

24847017

Uncontrolled Keywords:

angiography, drug-eluting stents, myocardial infarction

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.53835

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53835

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