Total surgical aortic arch replacement as a safe strategy to treat complex multisegmental proximal thoracic aortic pathology.

Czerny, Martin; König, Tobias; Reineke, David Christian; Sodeck, Gottfried H.; Rieger, Maximilian; Schönhoff, Florian; Basciani, Reto Marco; Jenni, Hansjörg; Schmidli, Jürg; Carrel, Thierry (2013). Total surgical aortic arch replacement as a safe strategy to treat complex multisegmental proximal thoracic aortic pathology. Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery, 17(3), pp. 532-536. Oxford University Press 10.1093/icvts/ivt260

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OBJECTIVE To analyse the results after elective open total aortic arch replacement. METHODS We analysed 39 patients (median age 63 years, median logistic EuroSCORE 18.4) who underwent elective open total arch replacement between 2005 and 2012. RESULTS In-hospital mortality was 5.1% (n = 2) and perioperative neurological injury was 12.8% (n = 5). The indication for surgery was degenerative aneurysmal disease in 59% (n = 23) and late aneurysmal formation following previous surgery of type A aortic dissection in 35.9% (n = 14); 5.1% (n = 2) were due to anastomotical aneurysms after prior ascending repair. Fifty-nine percent (n = 23) of the patients had already undergone previous proximal thoracic aortic surgery. In 30.8% (n = 12) of them, a conventional elephant trunk was added to total arch replacement, in 28.2% (n = 11), root replacement was additionally performed. Median hypothermic circulatory arrest time was 42 min (21-54 min). Selective antegrade cerebral perfusion was used in 95% (n = 37) of patients. Median follow-up was 11 months [interquartile range (IQR) 1-20 months]. There was no late death and no need for reoperation during this period. CONCLUSIONS Open total aortic arch replacement shows very satisfying results. The number of patients undergoing total arch replacement as a redo procedure and as a part of a complex multisegmental aortic pathology is high. Future strategies will have to emphasize neurological protection in extensive simultaneous replacement of the aortic arch and adjacent segments.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Reineke, David Christian; Schönhoff, Florian; Basciani, Reto Marco; Schmidli, Jürg and Carrel, Thierry

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1569-9293

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

19 Jun 2014 09:07

Last Modified:

23 Jan 2018 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/icvts/ivt260

PubMed ID:

23788196

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Aneurysm, Aortic arch surgery, Dissection, Multisegmental thoracic, aortic pathology

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53891

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