Dalfampridine in patients with downbeat nystagmus—an observational study

Claassen, Jens; Feil, Katharina; Bardins, Stanislav; Teufel, Julian; Spiegel, Rainer; Kalla, Roger; Schneider, Erich; Jahn, Klaus; Schniepp, Roman; Strupp, Michael (2013). Dalfampridine in patients with downbeat nystagmus—an observational study. Journal of neurology, 260(8), pp. 1992-1996. Springer-Medizin-Verlag 10.1007/s00415-013-6911-5

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We investigated the effects of dalfampridine, the sustained-release form of 4-aminopyridine, on slow phase velocity (SPV) and visual acuity (VA) in patients with downbeat nystagmus (DBN) and the side effects of the drug. In this proof-of-principle observational study, ten patients received dalfampridine 10 mg bid for 2 weeks. Recordings were conducted at baseline, 180 min after first administration, after 2 weeks of treatment and after 4 weeks of wash-out. Mean SPV decreased from a baseline of 2.12 deg/s ± 1.72 (mean ± SD) to 0.51 deg/s ± 1.00 180 min after first administration of dalfampridine 10 mg and to 0.89 deg/s ± 0.75 after 2 weeks of treatment with dalfampridine (p < 0.05; post hoc both: p < 0.05). After a wash-out period of 1 week, mean SPV increased to 2.30 deg/s ± 1.6 (p < 0.05; post hoc both: p < 0.05). The VA significantly improved during treatment with dalfampridine. Also, 50 % of patients did not report any side effects. The most common reported side effects were abdominal discomfort and dizziness. Dalfampridine is an effective treatment for DBN in terms of SPV. It was well-tolerated in all patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Kalla, Roger

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0340-5354

Publisher:

Springer-Medizin-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Valentina Rossetti

Date Deposited:

23 Jun 2014 08:52

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2014 21:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00415-013-6911-5

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.53983

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53983

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