Sleepwalking, REM sleep behaviour disorder and overlap parasomnia in patients with Parkinson's disease

Di Fabio, Nadia; Poryazova, Rositsa; Oberholzer, Michael; Baumann, Christian R; Bassetti, Claudio (2013). Sleepwalking, REM sleep behaviour disorder and overlap parasomnia in patients with Parkinson's disease. European neurology, 70(5-6), pp. 297-303. Karger 10.1159/000353378

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BACKGROUND/AIMS In a questionnaire survey, we identified 36 (9%) of 417 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with sleepwalking (SW); 72% of them also had a history of REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD). We aimed to assess the clinical and polysomnographic characteristics of SW in PD and to compare them to patients with PD with and without a history of RBD. METHODS We performed video-polysomnography and detailed clinical examination in 30 PD patients from the above-mentioned survey: 10 patients with a history of SW, 10 patients with a history of RBD, and 10 patients with no history of either SW or RBD. RESULTS PD patients with SW had higher depression, anxiety and Hoehn & Yahr scores and lower activities of daily living scores than patients without a history of RBD but did not differ from patients with RBD. Patients with SW and RBD also had more often dyskinesia and hallucinations. By polysomnography, RBD was observed in 8 patients with SW and in all patients with a history of RBD. A total of 5 patients without a history of either SW or RBD had REM sleep without atonia without behavioural peculiarities. CONCLUSION SW in PD is associated with depression, higher disease severity and functional disability. The simultaneous occurrence of SW and RBD (overlap parasomnia) in most patients suggests a common underlying disturbance of motor control during sleep in PD, with variable manifestations in different sleep stages.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Di Fabio, Nadia and Bassetti, Claudio

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0014-3022

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Valentina Rossetti

Date Deposited:

30 Jun 2014 15:00

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2015 12:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000353378

PubMed ID:

24061434

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Parkinson’s disease, Sleepwalking, REM sleep behaviour disorder, Overlap parasomnia, Depression

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/54131

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