Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Periodic Limb Movements in Narcolepsy with Cataplexy: A Systematic Analysis of 35 Consecutive Patients

Pizza, Fabio; Tartarotti, Sonja; Poryazova, Rositsa; Baumann, Christian R.; Bassetti, Claudio (2013). Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Periodic Limb Movements in Narcolepsy with Cataplexy: A Systematic Analysis of 35 Consecutive Patients. European neurology, 70(1), pp. 22-26. Karger 10.1159/000348719

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Background: Disturbed sleep is a core feature of narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC). Few studies have independently assessed sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and periodic limb movements (PLMs) in non-homogeneous series of patients with and without cataplexy. We systematically assessed both SDB and PLMs in well-defined NC patients. Methods: We analyzed the clinical and polysomnographic features of 35 consecutive NC patients (mean age 40 ± 16 years, 51% males, 23/23 hypocretin-deficient) to assess the prevalence of SDB (apnea-hypopnea index >5) and PLMs (periodic leg movements in sleep (PLMI) >15) together with their impact on nocturnal sleep and daytime sleepiness using the multiple sleep latency test. Results: 11 (31%) and 14 (40%) patients had SDB and PLMs, respectively. SDB was associated with older age (49 ± 16 vs. 35 ± 13 years, p = 0.02), higher BMI (30 ± 5 vs. 27 ± 6, p = 0.05), and a trend towards higher PLMI (25 ± 20 vs. 12 ± 23, p = 0.052), whereas PLMs with older age (50 ± 16 vs. 33 ± 11 years, p = 0.002) and reduced and fragmented sleep (e.g. sleep efficiency of 82 ± 12% vs. 91 ± 6%, p = 0.015; sleep time of 353 ± 66 vs. 395 ± 28, p = 0.010). SDB and PLMs were also mutually associated (p = 0.007), but not correlated to daytime sleepiness. Conclusions: SDB and PLMs are highly prevalent and associated in NC. Nevertheless, SDB and PLMs are rarely severe, suggesting an overall limited effect on clinical manifestations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Bassetti, Claudio

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0014-3022

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Valentina Rossetti

Date Deposited:

30 Jun 2014 14:51

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2015 12:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000348719

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Narcolepsy with cataplexy, Sleep-disordered breathing, Periodic limb movements, Treatment

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.54133

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/54133

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