The Coin Rotation Task: A Valid Test for Manual Dexterity in Multiple Sclerosis

Heldner, Mirjam Rachel; Vanbellingen, Tim; Bohlhalter, Stephan; Mattle, H.P.; Müri, René Martin; Kamm, Christian Philipp (2014). The Coin Rotation Task: A Valid Test for Manual Dexterity in Multiple Sclerosis. Physical therapy, 94(11), pp. 1644-1651. American Physical Therapy Association, Inc. 10.2522/ptj.20130252

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BACKGROUND: Impaired manual dexterity is frequent and disabling in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Therefore, convenient, quick and validated tests for manual dexterity in MS patients are needed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the Coin Rotation task (CRT) to examine manual dexterity in patients with MS. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 101 outpatients with MS were assessed with the CRT, the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), the Scale for the assessment and rating of ataxia (SARA), the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), and their muscle strength and sensory deficits of the hands were noted. Concurrent validity and diagnostic accuracy of the CRT were determined by comparison with the Nine Hole Peg Test (9HPT). Construct validity was determined by comparison with a valid dexterity questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis was done to explore correlations of the CRT with the EDSS, SARA, MAS, muscle strength and sensory deficits. RESULTS: The CRT correlated significantly with the 9HPT (r=.73, p<.0001) indicating good concurrent validity. The cut-off values for the CRT relative to the 9HPT were 18.75 seconds for the dominant (sensitivity: 81.5%; specificity 80.0%) and 19.25 seconds for the non-dominant hand (sensitivity: 90.3%; specificity: 81.8%) demonstrating good diagnostic accuracy. Furthermore, the CRT correlated significantly with the dexterity questionnaire (r=-.49, p<.0001) indicating moderate construct validity. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the EDSS was the strongest predictor for impaired dexterity. LIMITATIONS: Mostly relapsing-remitting MS patients with an EDSS up to 7 were examined. CONCLUSIONS: This study validates the CRT as a test that can be used easily and quickly to evaluate manual dexterity in patients with MS.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Heldner, Mirjam Rachel, Vanbellingen, Tim, Bohlhalter, Stephan, Mattle, Heinrich, Müri, René Martin, Kamm, Christian Philipp


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




American Physical Therapy Association, Inc.




Valentina Rossetti

Date Deposited:

09 Oct 2014 11:36

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:35

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:



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