BMZI-HEA. Adaption des Berner Motiv- und Zielinventars im Freizeit- und Gesundheitssport für Menschen im höheren Erwachsenenalter

Schmid, Julia; Molinari, Vera; Lehnert, Katrin; Sudeck, Gorden; Conzelmann, Achim (2014). BMZI-HEA. Adaption des Berner Motiv- und Zielinventars im Freizeit- und Gesundheitssport für Menschen im höheren Erwachsenenalter. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 22(3), pp. 104-117. Hogrefe 10.1026/0943-8149/a000119

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Promoting physical activity in elderly people is becoming increasingly important. Tailored interventions are called for in order to promote physical activity efficiently. Sport-related motives and goals in late adulthood are presently rarely included systematically in the design of interventions, despite the key role they play in wellbeing and adherence to sport activities. The existing inventory Berner Motiv- und Zielinventar im Freizeit- und Gesundheitssport (BMZI; Bernese Motive and Goal Inventory in Leisure and Health Sports) allows an individual diagnosis of the motives and goals in leisure and health sports in people in middle adulthood. The present paper aims to adapt this questionnaire for people in late adulthood. The BMZI-HEA comprises a total of 27 items, covering the following motives and goals: Body/Appearance, Contact, Competition/Performance, Everyday Competence/Health, Positive Exercise Experiences, Cognitive Function, and Mood Regulation. The questionnaire underwent exploratory and confirmatory testing in three samples. The global model fit of the BMZI-HEA can be described as satisfactory. The expected and confirmed connections with self-concordance are an indication of the measure’s good construct validity. The BMZI-HEA can be recommended as an economical instrument for the individual diagnosis of the psychological conditions for sport commitment in late adulthood.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Psychology and Research Methods

UniBE Contributor:

Schmid, Julia Maria, Molinari, Vera, Conzelmann, Achim


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment


0943-8149, 2190-6289






Corinne Ammann

Date Deposited:

16 Jul 2014 09:36

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:25

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Zielgruppenspezifische Interventionen, sportbezogene Motive, Sport- und Bewegungsförderung, höheres Erwachsenenalter, tailored interventions, exercise motives, promotion of physical activity, late adulthood




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