Morphologic-anthropological investigations in tomb K93.12 at Dra’ Abu el-Naga (Western Thebes, Egypt)

Lösch, Sandra; Moghaddam, Negahnaz; Paladin, Alice; Rummel, Ute; Hower-Tilmann, Estelle; Zink, Albert (2014). Morphologic-anthropological investigations in tomb K93.12 at Dra’ Abu el-Naga (Western Thebes, Egypt). Anthropologischer Anzeiger, 71(1-2), pp. 105-122. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (E. Nägele) 10.1127/0003-5548/2014/0401

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In this study we present the analysis of the human remains from tomb K93.12 in the Ancient Egyptian necropolis of Dra’ Abu el-Naga, located opposite the modern city of Luxor in Upper Egypt on the western bank of the Nile. Archaeological findings indicate that the rock tomb was originally built in the early 18th dynasty. Remains of two tomb-temples of the 20th dynasty and the looted burial of the High Priest of Amun Amenhotep have been identified. After the New Kingdom the tomb was reused as a burial place until the 26th dynasty. The skeletal and mummified material of the different tomb areas underwent a detailed anthropological and paleopathological analysis. The human remains were mostly damaged and scattered due to extensive grave robberies. In total, 79 individuals could be partly reconstructed and investigated. The age and sex distribution revealed a male predominance and a high percentage of young children (< 6 years) and adults in the range of 20 to 40 years. The paleopathological analysis showed a high prevalence of stress markers such as cribra orbitalia in the younger individuals, and other pathological conditions such as dental diseases, degenerative diseases and a possible case of ankylosing spondylitis. Additionally, 13 mummies of an intrusive waste pit could be attributed to three different groups belonging to earlier time periods based on their style of mummification and materials used. The study revealed important information on the age and sex distribution and diseases of the individuals buried in tomb K93.12.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Anthropology

UniBE Contributor:

Lösch, Sandra and Hossein Moghaddam Horri, Negahnaz

Subjects:

500 Science > 560 Fossils & prehistoric life
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
900 History > 960 History of Africa

ISSN:

0003-5548

Publisher:

E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (E. Nägele)

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sandra Lösch

Date Deposited:

14 Oct 2014 08:24

Last Modified:

27 Jan 2016 09:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1127/0003-5548/2014/0401

Uncontrolled Keywords:

mummies, skeletons, paleopathology, Thebes, Dra’ Abu el-Naga, tomb K93.12, 20th dynasty, 3rd Intermediate Period

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.54806

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/54806

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