Oberflächenveränderung verschiedener zahnmedizinischer Werk-stoffe nach in-vitro Alterung

Kuster, Daniela (2014). Oberflächenveränderung verschiedener zahnmedizinischer Werk-stoffe nach in-vitro Alterung. (Dissertation, Universität Bern, Medizinische Fakultät)

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Susceptibility of different restorative materials to toothbrush abrasion and coffee staining Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of different restorative materials to surface alterations after an aging simulation. Methods: Specimens (n=15 per material) of five different restorative materials (CER: ceramic/Vita Mark II; EMP: composite/Empress Direct; LAV: CAD/CAM composite/Lava Ultimate; COM: prefabricated composite/Componeer; VEN: prefabricated composite/Venear) were produced. Whereas CER was glazed, EMP and LAV were polished with silicon polishers, and COM and VEN were left untreated. Mean roughness (Ra and Rz) and colorimetric parameters (L*a*b*), expressed as colour change (E), were measured. The specimens underwent an artificial aging procedure. After baseline measurements (M1), the specimens were successively immersed for 24 hours in coffee (M2), abraded in a toothbrushing simulator (M3), immersed in coffee (M4), abraded (M5) and repeatedly abraded (M6). After each aging procedure (M2-M6), surface roughness and colorimetric parameters were recorded. Differences between the materials regarding Ra/Rz and E were analysed with a nonparametric ANOVA analysis. The level of significance was set at α=0.05. Results: The lowest roughness values were obtained for CER. A significant increase in Ra was detected for EMP, COM and VEN compared to CER. The Ra/Rz values were found to be highly significantly different for the materials and measuring times (M) (p<0.0001). Regarding E most alterations were found for EMP and COM, whereas CER and LAV remained mostly stable. The E values were significantly different for the materials and M (p<0.0001). Conclusion: The ceramic and the CAD/CAM composite were the most stable materials with regard to roughness and colour change and the only materials that resulted in Ra values below 0.2 μm (the clinically relevant threshold). Venears and Componeers were more inert than the direct composite material and thus might be an alternative for extensive restorations in the aesthetic zone.

Item Type:

Thesis (Dissertation)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Ruth Bucheli

Date Deposited:

06 Oct 2014 13:51

Last Modified:

20 Dec 2014 11:25



Additional Information:

e-Dissertation (edbe)





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