Comparison of actual surgical outcomes and 3-dimensional surgical simulations

Tucker, S; Cevidanes, L; Styner, M; Kim, H; Reyes, Mauricio; Proffit, W; Turvey, T (2010). Comparison of actual surgical outcomes and 3-dimensional surgical simulations. Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, 68(10), pp. 2412-2421. Maryland Heights, Mo.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.joms.2009.09.058

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PURPOSE: The advent of imaging software programs has proved to be useful for diagnosis, treatment planning, and outcome measurement, but precision of 3-dimensional (3D) surgical simulation still needs to be tested. This study was conducted to determine whether the virtual surgery performed on 3D models constructed from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) can correctly simulate the actual surgical outcome and to validate the ability of this emerging technology to recreate the orthognathic surgery hard tissue movements in 3 translational and 3 rotational planes of space. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Construction of pre- and postsurgery 3D models from CBCTs of 14 patients who had combined maxillary advancement and mandibular setback surgery and 6 patients who had 1-piece maxillary advancement surgery was performed. The postsurgery and virtually simulated surgery 3D models were registered at the cranial base to quantify differences between simulated and actual surgery models. Hotelling t tests were used to assess the differences between simulated and actual surgical outcomes. RESULTS: For all anatomic regions of interest, there was no statistically significant difference between the simulated and the actual surgical models. The right lateral ramus was the only region that showed a statistically significant, but small difference when comparing 2- and 1-jaw surgeries. CONCLUSIONS: Virtual surgical methods were reliably reproduced. Oral surgery residents could benefit from virtual surgical training. Computer simulation has the potential to increase predictability in the operating room.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Surgical Technology & Biomechanics ISTB [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Kim, Hyung Min and Reyes Aguirre, Mauricio Antonio








Mauricio Antonio Reyes Aguirre

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:08

Last Modified:

16 Mar 2015 10:26

Publisher DOI:


Web of Science ID:




URI: (FactScience: 199785)

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