The impact of retrieval processes, age, general achievement level, and test scoring scheme for children's metacognitive monitoring and controlling

Krebs, Saskia; Roebers, Claudia M. (2012). The impact of retrieval processes, age, general achievement level, and test scoring scheme for children's metacognitive monitoring and controlling. Metacognition and learning, 7(2), pp. 75-90. Springer US; http://www.springer-ny.com 10.1007/s11409-011-9079-3

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This multi-phase study examined the influence of retrieval processes on children’s metacognitive processes in relation to and in interaction with achievement level and age. First, N = 150 9/10- and 11/12-year old high and low achievers watched an educational film and predicted their test performance. Children then solved a cloze test regarding the film content including answerable and unanswerable items and gave confidence judgments to every answer. Finally, children withdrew answers that they believed to be incorrect. All children showed adequate metacognitive processes before and during test taking with 11/12- year-olds outperforming 9/10-year-olds when considering characteristics of on-going retrieval processes. As to the influence of achievement level, high compared to low achievers proved to be more accurate in their metacognitive monitoring and controlling. Results suggest that both cognitive resources (operationalized through achievement level) and mnemonic experience (assessed through age) fuel metacognitive development. Nevertheless, when facing higher demands regarding retrieval processes, experience seems to play the more important role.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Krebs, Saskia and Roebers, Claudia

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1556-1623

Publisher:

Springer US; http://www.springer-ny.com

Language:

English

Submitter:

Users 263 not found.

Date Deposited:

07 Aug 2014 10:53

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 13:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s11409-011-9079-3

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.57625

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/57625

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