Factors of Home Dream Recall and Nightmare Frequency in a Non-Student Sample

Schredl, Michael; Erlacher, Daniel; Reiner, Miriam; Woll, Alexander (2013). Factors of Home Dream Recall and Nightmare Frequency in a Non-Student Sample. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 33(3), pp. 271-284. Baywood 10.2190/IC.33.3.d

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Home dream recall frequencies and nightmare frequencies show great inter-individual differences. Most of the studies trying to explain these differences, however, studied young participants, so these findings might not be true for persons older than 25 years. The present study investigated the relationship between dream recall, nightmare frequency, age, gender, sleep parameters, stress, and subjective health in a community-based sample (N = 455) with a mean age of about 55 years. Some of the factors that have been shown to be associated with dream recall and nightmare frequency were also associated with these variables in non-student sample like frequency of nocturnal awakenings, current stress, and tiredness during the day. We were not able to replicate the effect of sex-role orientation on dream recall and nightmare frequency, supporting the idea that age might mediate the effect of daytime variables on dream recall and nightmare frequency. As nightmare frequency was related to sleep quality, stress, health problems, and tiredness during the day, it would be desirable that clinicians include a question about nightmares in their anamneses.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Movement and Exercise Science

UniBE Contributor:

Erlacher, Daniel


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment








Daniel Erlacher

Date Deposited:

08 Aug 2014 15:02

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:36

Publisher DOI:






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