The effects of exercise on self-rated sleep among adults with chronic sleep complaints

Erlacher, Carmen; Erlacher, Daniel; Schredl, Michael (2015). The effects of exercise on self-rated sleep among adults with chronic sleep complaints. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 4(3), pp. 289-298. 10.1016/j.jshs.2014.01.001

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether and to what extent the observed effects on self-rated sleep in a previous study using a combined treatment program with physical exercise and sleep education can be attributed by the physical activity (PA) component.

The present study reports supplementary analysis of an already described and published study. Data were provided by a nonclinical sample of 98 normal-active adults with chronic initiating and the maintaining of sleep complaints. The additional analysis included sleep log, exercise log, and daily pedometer data which were collected during a baseline week and 6-week of a combined intervention.

The results indicate that the number of steps (p = 0.02) and the duration of PA (p = 0.01) is significantly related to the improvement in subjective sleep measures and therefore reveal an independent effect within this combined sleep program. Sleep diary data (recuperation of sleep, number of awakenings after sleep onset, and wake time after sleep onset time) improved significant (all p < 0.01) over the intervention program. About 50% of the participants stated that the PA had an effect on their improvement.

Improvements on subjective sleep quality after a combined intervention cannot be attributed to the cognitive component alone, but PA has an independent effect. Adults with chronic sleep complaints benefit from exercise. Therefore structured PA should be implemented in any sleep management programs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Movement and Exercise Science

UniBE Contributor:

Erlacher, Daniel


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment






Daniel Erlacher

Date Deposited:

18 Aug 2014 14:27

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:36

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Adults; Insomnia; Non-pharmacological treatment; Physical exercise; Sleep problems




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