Modelling Lake Kivu water level variations over the last seven decades

Muvundja, Fabrice A.; Wüest, Alfred; Isumbisho, Mwapu; Kaningini, Mwenyemali B.; Pasche, Natacha; Rinta, Päivi Johanna; Schmid, Martin (2014). Modelling Lake Kivu water level variations over the last seven decades. Limnologica- Ecology and Management of Inland Waters, 47, pp. 21-33. Elsevier 10.1016/j.limno.2014.02.003

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This study aimed at analysing the hydrological changes in the Lake Kivu Basin over the last seven decades with focus on the response of the lake water level to meteorological factors and hydropower dam construction. Historical precipitation and lake water levels were acquired from literature, local agencies and from global databases in order to compile a coherent dataset. The net lake inflow was modelled using a soil water balance model and the water levels were reconstructed using a parsimonious lake water balance model. The soil water balance shows that 370 mm yr−1 (25%) of the precipitation in the catchment contributes to the runoff and baseflow whereas 1100 mm yr−1 (75%) contributes to the evapotranspiration. A review of the lake water balance resulted in the following estimates of hydrological contributions: 55%, 25%, and 20% of the overall inputs from precipitation, surface inflows, and subaquatic groundwater discharge, respectively. The overall losses were 58% and 42% for lake surface evaporation and outflow discharge, respectively. The hydrological model used indicated a remarkable sensitivity of the lake water levels to hydrometeorological variability up to 1977, when the outflow bed was artificially widened.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

Graduate School:

Graduate School of Climate Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Rinta, Päivi Johanna

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0075-9511

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Monika Wälti-Stampfli

Date Deposited:

13 Aug 2014 08:56

Last Modified:

20 Apr 2015 15:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.limno.2014.02.003

Uncontrolled Keywords:

East-African lakes; Lake Kivu; Hydrological variability; Modelling; Ruzizi I Hydropower Dam

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.57932

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/57932

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