Virtual reality and the role of the prefrontal cortex in adults and children

Jäncke, Lutz; Cheetham, Marcus; Baumgartner, Thomas (2009). Virtual reality and the role of the prefrontal cortex in adults and children. Frontiers in neuroscience, 3(1), pp. 52-59. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/neuro.01.006.2009

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In this review, the neural underpinnings of the experience of presence are outlined. Firstly, it is shown that presence is associated with activation of a distributed network, which includes the dorsal and ventral visual stream, the parietal cortex, the premotor cortex, mesial temporal areas, the brainstem and the thalamus. Secondly, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is identified as a key node of the network as it modulates the activity of the network and the associated experience of presence. Thirdly, children lack the strong modulatory influence of the DLPFC on the network due to their unmatured frontal cortex. Fourthly, it is shown that presence-related measures are influenced by manipulating the activation in the DLPFC using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) while participants are exposed to the virtual roller coaster ride. Finally, the findings are discussed in the context of current models explaining the experience of presence, the rubber hand illusion, and out-of-body experiences.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Psychology and Social Neuroscience

UniBE Contributor:

Baumgartner, Thomas

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1662-4548

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thomas Baumgartner

Date Deposited:

17 Oct 2014 09:56

Last Modified:

09 Dec 2014 08:54

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/neuro.01.006.2009

PubMed ID:

19753097

Uncontrolled Keywords:

DLPFC, adults, brain imaging, brain maturation, children, fmRI, presence

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.58312

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/58312

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