The impact of structural conditions in communes on physical activity and sports behaviour of adolescents and young adults in Switzerland

Klostermann, Claudia; Hayoz, Christelle Vanessa; Schlesinger, Torsten; Nagel, Siegfried (2 July 2014). The impact of structural conditions in communes on physical activity and sports behaviour of adolescents and young adults in Switzerland (Unpublished). In: 19th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 02.-05.07.2014.

[img]
Preview
Text
1402_ecss 2014_abstract_CK.pdf - Published Version
Available under License BORIS Standard License.

Download (71kB) | Preview

Introduction The physical activity of the Swiss population differs considerably depending on the linguistic region. German speakers are more often physically active than people living in the French- or Italian-speaking part of Switzerland (Stamm & Lamprecht, 2008). This study analyses how differing structural conditions in communes (e.g. sport facilities, significance of the municipal promotion of sport) across different linguistic regions of Switzerland correlate with physical activity and sports participation for adolescents and young adults. Methodological approach Based on the theory of social action (Coleman, 1990), it is assumed that individual behaviour is not only determined by individual but also by structural and socio-cultural factors in which a person is socially embedded. In two case studies, multilevel data was gathered analysing possible influences of structural factors on sports behaviour. Using an online survey, 15 to 25 year old inhabitants (N = 205) living in a German- and French-speaking commune were questioned about their sports participation in and outside of their commune, as well as their perception of sport-related structural characteristics in their commune. To collect information about communes’ sport facilities, the sport providers (N = 23) were interviewed. Sport-related characteristics of the communes were also collected through two interviews with representatives of the municipal administration. Results and discussion Physical activity is significantly higher (Chi2 (1, N = 183) = 4.78, p < .05) and sport participation is significantly lower in the French speaking commune (Chi2 (1, N = 205) = 3.84, p < .05). Adolescents and young adults in the French speaking commune (M = 3.15, SD = 1.23) are less satisfied with the opportunities to be physically active in the environment than their counterparts living in the German speaking commune (p < .001, Mann-Whitney U – test). These first findings show the impact of structural conditions in communes on physical activity and sport participation of adolescents and young people. However, it must be noted that this study is explorative and further communes would need to be examined in order to generalize the results. References Coleman J S (1990). Foundations of social theory. Belknap, Cambridge, MA. Stamm H, Lamprecht M (2008). EJSS, 8(1+2), 15-29.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science III

UniBE Contributor:

Klostermann, Claudia; Hayoz, Christelle Vanessa; Schlesinger, Torsten and Nagel, Siegfried

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

Language:

English

Submitter:

Claudia Klostermann

Date Deposited:

29 Sep 2014 15:36

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2015 12:13

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.58374

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/58374

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback