On the interaction of attentional focus and gaze: The quiet eye inhibits focus-related performance decrements

Klostermann, André; Kredel, Ralf; Hossner, Ernst-Joachim (2014). On the interaction of attentional focus and gaze: The quiet eye inhibits focus-related performance decrements. Journal of sport & exercise psychology, 36(4), pp. 392-400. Human Kinetics Publishers 10.1123/jsep.2013-0273

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To date, despite a large body of evidence in favor of the advantage of an effect-related focus of attention compared with a movement-related focus of attention in motor control and learning, the role of vision in this context remains unclear. Therefore, in a golf-putting study, the relation between attentional focus and gaze behavior (in particular, quiet eye, or QE) was investigated. First, the advantage of an effect-related focus, as well as of a long QE duration, could be replicated. Furthermore, in the online-demanding task of golf putting, high performance was associated with later QE offsets. Most decisively, an interaction between attentional focus and gaze behavior was revealed in such a way that the efficiency of the QE selectively manifested under movement-related focus instructions. As these findings suggest neither additive effects nor a causal chain, an alternative hypothesis is introduced explaining positive QE effects by the inhibition of not-to-be parameterized movement variants.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Klostermann, André; Kredel, Ralf and Hossner, Ernst-Joachim

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

0895-2779

Publisher:

Human Kinetics Publishers

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Klostermann

Date Deposited:

29 Sep 2014 13:39

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2014 23:27

Publisher DOI:

10.1123/jsep.2013-0273

PubMed ID:

25226608

Uncontrolled Keywords:

motor control, attention, gaze behavior, inhibition, golf

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.58824

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/58824

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