Lack of efficacy of low-dose spironolactone as adjunct treatment to conventional congestive heart failure treatment in dogs.

Schuller, Simone; Van Israël, N; Vanbelle, S; Clercx, C; McEntee, K (2011). Lack of efficacy of low-dose spironolactone as adjunct treatment to conventional congestive heart failure treatment in dogs. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, 34(4), pp. 322-331. Blackwell Scientific Publications 10.1111/j.1365-2885.2010.01235.x

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Aldosterone plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure. Aldosterone receptor blockade has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in human patients with advanced congestive left ventricular heart failure. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and tolerance of long-term low-dose spironolactone when added to conventional heart failure treatment in dogs with advanced heart failure. Eighteen client-owned dogs with advanced congestive heart failure due to either degenerative valve disease (n=11) or dilated cardiomyopathy (n=7) were included in this prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, randomized clinical study. After initial stabilization including furosemide, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, pimobendan and digoxin, spironolactone at a median dose of 0.52 mg/kg (range 0.49-0.8 mg/kg) once daily (n=9) or placebo (n=9) was added to the treatment, and the dogs were reassessed 3 and 6 months later. Clinical scoring, echocardiography, electrocardiogram, systolic blood pressure measurement, thoracic radiography, sodium, potassium, urea, creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, aldosterone and aminoterminal atrial natriuretic propeptide were assessed at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Survival times were not significantly different between the two treatment groups. Spironolactone was well tolerated when combined with conventional heart failure treatment.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic > Small Animal Clinic, Internal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Schuller, Simone

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0140-7783

Publisher:

Blackwell Scientific Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Simone Schuller

Date Deposited:

10 Oct 2014 11:11

Last Modified:

10 Oct 2014 11:11

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1365-2885.2010.01235.x

PubMed ID:

20950346

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/59114

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